Paul Boersma’s writings in chronological order
2017 Merel van Witteloostuijn, Paul Boersma, Frank Wijnen & Judith Rispens:
Visual artificial grammar learning in dyslexia: a meta-analysis.
Research in Developmental Disabilities 70: 126-137.
2017 Paul Boersma & Jan-Willem van Leussen:
Efficient evaluation and learning in multi-level parallel constraint grammars. [preprint, 2016/07/10]
Linguistic Inquiry 48: 349-388. [copyright]
2016 Paul Boersma & Joe Pater:
Convergence properties of a gradual learning algorithm for Harmonic Grammar. [preprint, 2013/03/13]
In John McCarthy & Joe Pater (eds.): Harmonic Serialism and Harmonic Grammar, 389-434. Sheffield: Equinox.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 970, 2008/05/21.
Additional material: the GLA web page.
2016 Sophie ter Schure, Caroline Junge & Paul Boersma:
Semantics guide infants’ vowel learning: computational and experimental evidence.
Infant Behavior and Development 43: 44-57.
2016 Sophie ter Schure, Caroline Junge & Paul Boersma:
Discriminating non-native vowels on the basis of multimodal, auditory or visual information: effects on infants’ looking patterns and discrimination.
Frontiers in Psychology: Language Sciences 7: article 525.
2015 Karin Wanrooij, Paul Boersma & Titia Benders:
Observed effects of “distributional learning” may not relate to the number of peaks. A test of “dispersion” as a confounding factor.
Frontiers in Psychology: Language Sciences 6: article 1341.
2015 Mirjam J.I. de Jonge & Paul Boersma:
French high-mid vowels are underspecified for height.
Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, 10-14 August 2015. Paper 948 (4 pages).
2015 Kateřina Chládková, Paul Boersma, & Titia Benders:
The perceptual basis of the feature vowel height.
Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, 10-14 August 2015. Paper 711 (4 pages).
2015 Karin Wanrooij, Johanna F. de Vos & Paul Boersma:
Distributional vowel training may not be effective for Dutch adults.
Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, 10-14 August 2015. Paper 670 (4 pages).
2014 Karin Wanrooij, Paul Boersma & Titia van Zuijen:
Distributional vowel training is less effective for adults than for infants. A study using the mismatch response.
PLOS ONE 9(10): e109806.
2014 The use of Praat in corpus research. [preprint, 2012/04/16]
In Jacques Durand, Ulrike Gut & Gjert Kristoffersen (eds.): The Oxford handbook of corpus phonology, 342-360. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2014 Karin Wanrooij, Paul Boersma & Titia van Zuijen:
Fast phonetic learning occurs already in 2-to-3-month old infants: an ERP study.
Frontiers in Psychology: Language Sciences 5: article 77.
2013 Acoustic analysis. [preprint, 2013/02/02]
In Robert Podesva and Devyani Sharma (eds.): Research methods in linguistics, 375-396. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2013/09/10 Paul Boersma, Titia Benders & Klaas Seinhorst:
Neural networks for phonology and phonetics.
Manuscript, University of Amsterdam.
2013 Karin Wanrooij & Paul Boersma:
Distributional training of speech sounds can be done with continuous distributions.
JASA Express Letters 133: EL398-EL404. [licence]
2013/03/27 The history of the Franconian tone contrast.
To appear in a book edited by Wolfgang Kehrein & Björn Köhnlein.
Earlier version: Presentation NVFW, Antwerpen, 2002/05/24.
2013 Paul Boersma & Kateřina Chládková:
Detecting categorical perception in continuous discrimination data.
Speech Communication 55: 33-39.
Earlier version: Proceedings of Interspeech 2010, 2010/09.
2012 A constraint-based explanation of the McGurk effect. [preprint, 2011/07/03]
In Roland Noske & Bert Botma (eds.): Phonological Architecture: Empirical, Theoretical and Conceptual Issues, 299-312. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 869, 2006/09/15.
2012 Modelling phonological category learning. [preprint, 2010/08/10]
In Abigail C. Cohn, Cécile Fougeron & Marie K. Huffman (eds.): Handbook of Laboratory Phonology, 207-218. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2011 A programme for bidirectional phonology and phonetics and their acquisition and evolution. [preprint, 2011/04/10]
In Anton Benz & Jason Mattausch (eds.): Bidirectional Optimality Theory, 33-72. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Earlier version: Handout LOT Summerschool, June 2006, and Jadertina Summerschool (Rutgers Optimality Archive 868), 2006/09/12.
2011 Kateřina Chládková, Paola Escudero & Paul Boersma:
Context-specific acoustic differences between Peruvian and Iberian Spanish vowels.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 130: 416-428. [licence]
2011 Paul Boersma & Kateřina Chládková:
Asymmetries between speech perception and production reveal phonological structure.
Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Hongkong, 17-21 August 2011. 328-331.
2010 Silke Hamann, Paul Boersma & Małgorzata Ćavar:
Language-specific differences in the weighting of perceptual cues for labiodentals.
Proceedings of New Sounds 2010, Poznań. 167-172.
2009 Silke Hamann, Diana Apoussidou & Paul Boersma:
Modelling the formation of phonotactic restrictions across the mental lexicon.
In M. Ryan Bochnak, Peter Klecha, Alice Lemieux, Nassira Nicola, Jasmin Urban & Christina Weaver (eds.): CLS 45-1: Proceedings of the 45th annual meeting of The Chicago Linguistic Society: The main session, 193-206. [The publication date is 2011, although the editors write 2009 on all copyright statements; note: the version published in the book is an unreadable misprint.]
2009 Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann:
Loanword adaptation as first-language phonological perception. [preprint, 2009/07/14]
In Andrea Calabrese & W. Leo Wetzels (eds.): Loanword phonology, 11-58. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 975, 2008/06/15.
Earlier version: Presentation OCP 4, Rhodes, 2007/01/20.
2009 Some correct error-driven versions of the Constraint Demotion algorithm.
Linguistic Inquiry 40: 667-686. [copyright]
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 980, 2008/07/01 (accepted revision, with proof).
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 953, 2008/03/07 (original submission, without proof).
2009 Cue constraints and their interactions in phonological perception and production.
In Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann (eds.): Phonology in perception, 55-110. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 944, 2007/11/11.
2009 Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann:
Introduction: models of phonology in perception.
In Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann (eds.): Phonology in perception, 1-24. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2009
book
Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann (eds.):
Phonology in perception.
Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter. 318 pages.
2009 Should jitter be measured by peak picking or by waveform matching?
Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica 61: 305-308.
2009 Paola Escudero, Paul Boersma, Andréia Schurt Rauber & Ricardo Bion:
A cross-dialect acoustic description of vowels: Brazilian and European Portuguese.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 126: 1379-1393. [licence]
2009 Kateřina Chládková, Paul Boersma & Václav Jonáš Podlipský:
On-line formant shifting as a function of F0.
Proceedings of Interspeech 2009, Brighton, 6-10 September 2009, pp. 464-467.
2009 Titia Benders & Paul Boersma:
Comparing methods to find a best exemplar in a multidimensional space.
Proceedings of Interspeech 2009, Brighton, 6-10 September 2009, pp. 396-399.
2008 Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann:
The evolution of auditory dispersion in bidirectional constraint grammars.
Phonology 25: 217-270.
Material: scripts for the simulations and pictures.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 909, 2007/04/17.
Earlier version: Handout OCP 3, Budapest, 2006/01/17.
2008 Paul Boersma & Paola Escudero:
Learning to perceive a smaller L2 vowel inventory: an Optimality Theory account.
In Peter Avery, Elan Dresher & Keren Rice (eds.): Contrast in phonology: theory, perception, acquisition, 271-301. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Preprint: 2007/06/30, 26 pages.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 684, 2004/09/06.
2008/03/10 Emergent ranking of faithfulness explains markedness and licensing by cue.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 954. 30 pages.
Earlier version: Handout 14th Manchester Phonology Meeting, 2006/05/28.
2007/10/27 Paul Boersma & Joe Pater:
Constructing constraints from language data: the case of Canadian English diphthongs.
Handout NELS 38, Ottawa. 18 pages.
2007 Some listener-oriented accounts of h-aspiré in French.
Lingua 117: 1989-2054.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 730, 2005/04/13.
2007 Margarita Gulian, Paola Escudero & Paul Boersma:
Supervision hampers distributional learning of vowel contrasts.
Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Saarbrücken, 6-9 August 2007, pp. 1893-1896.
2007/07/08 The evolution of phonotactic distributions in the lexicon.
Presentation Workshop on Variation, Gradience and Frequency in Phonology, Stanford. 32 slides.
2007/04/11 The emergence of auditory contrast.
Presentation GLOW 30, Tromsø. 24 slides.
2006 Paul Boersma & Gordana Kovačić:
Spectral characteristics of three styles of Croatian folk singing.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 119: 1805-1816. [licence]
2006 Prototypicality judgments as inverted perception.
In Gisbert Fanselow, Caroline Féry, Matthias Schlesewsky & Ralf Vogel (eds.): Gradience in Grammar, 167-184. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Abstract]
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 742, 2005/05/17.
2005 Gordana Kovačić, Paul Boersma & Hrvoje Domitrović:
Long-term average spectra of singing voices of professional performers of Croatian folk songs: a comparison of the Istrian and dozivački styles.
Medicine, science & art -- Proceedings of the 3rd and the 4th scientific congress. HOEUMU, Zagreb: 219-225.
2005 Gordana Kovačić, Paul Boersma, Hrvoje Domitrović & Ton Wempe:
Dugotrajni prosječni spektar glasa profesionalnih pjevača: analiza folklornog pjevanja Istre - tarankanja.
Hrvatska revija za rehabilitacijska istraživanja 41(1): 37-56.
2005/06/25 Phonology without markedness constraints.
Presentation ICLaVE 3, Amsterdam, 24 slides.
Praat OT grammars: Perception | Production | Spirants
2005 Paul Boersma & Paola Escudero:
Measuring relative cue weighting: a reply to Morrison.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition 27: 607-617.
2005/02/11 Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann:
The violability of backness in retroflex consonants.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 713, 28 pages.
2004 Gordana Kovačić, Paul Boersma & Hrvoje Domitrović:
Analiza dugotrajnog prosječnog spektra ojkanja.
Govor 21(1): 39-56.
2004 Paul Boersma & Juan Antonio Cutillas (eds.):
Advances in Optimality Theory.
Monograph, International Journal of English Studies 4.2, University of Murcia Press.
(Misprints can be downloaded for free.)
2004 Stemmen meten met Praat (measuring voices with Praat).
Stem-, Spraak- en Taalpathologie 12: 237-251.
Preprint: 2004/12/23, 13 pages.
2004 Paola Escudero & Paul Boersma:
Bridging the gap between L2 speech perception research and phonological theory.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition 26: 551-585.
2004/07/08 Diana Apoussidou & Paul Boersma:
Comparing two Optimality-Theoretic learning algorithms for Latin stress.
WCCFL 23: 29-42.
2004/03/18 A Stochastic OT account of paralinguistic tasks such as grammaticality and prototypicality judgments.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 648, 18 pages.
2004/01/30 Diana Apoussidou & Paul Boersma:
Comparing different Optimality-Theoretic learning algorithms: the case of metrical phonology.
Proceedings of the 2004 Spring Symposium Series of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1-7.
2003 Review of Tesar & Smolensky (2000): Learnability in Optimality Theory.
Phonology 20: 436-446.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 638, 2004/01/17.
2003 Diana Apoussidou & Paul Boersma:
The learnability of Latin stress.
IFA Proceedings 25: 101-148 (= Rutgers Optimality Archive 643).
2003 Gordana Kovačić, Paul Boersma & Hrvoje Domitrović:
Long-term average spectra in professional folk singing voices: a comparison of the klapa and dozivački styles.
IFA Proceedings 25: 53-64.
Additional material: the Croatian folk singing web page.
2003 Paul Boersma & Clara Levelt:
Optimality Theory and phonological acquisition (review article).
Annual Review of Language Acquisition 3: 1-50.
Preprint: 2003/11/23, 40 pages.
2003/04/09 Overt forms and the control of comprehension.
In Jennifer Spenader, Anders Eriksson & Östen Dahl (eds.): Proceedings of the Stockholm Workshop on Variation within Optimality Theory, April 26-27, 2003, pp. 47-56. Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University.
2003/03/01 Ton Wempe & Paul Boersma:
The interactive design of an F0-related spectral analyser.
Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 3-9 August 2003, pp. 343-346.
2003/02/28 Paul Boersma, Paola Escudero & Rachel Hayes:
Learning abstract phonological from auditory phonetic categories: An integrated model for the acquisition of language-specific sound categories.
Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 3-9 August 2003, pp. 1013-1016 (= Rutgers Optimality Archive 585).
2003 The odds of eternal optimization in Optimality Theory.
In D. Eric Holt (ed.): Optimality Theory and language change, 31-65. Dordrecht: Kluwer. [Abstract]
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 429, 2000/12/13.
2003 Paola Escudero & Paul Boersma:
Modelling the perceptual development of phonological contrasts with Optimality Theory and the Gradual Learning Algorithm.
In Sudha Arunachalam, Elsi Kaiser & Alexander Williams (eds.): Proceedings of the 25th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. (Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 8.1), 71-85. [Abstract]
(Note: the editors messed up the pictures; read the preprint instead.)
Preprint: Rutgers Optimality Archive 439, 2001/04/26 (correctly printed)
Data and Praat scripts: the P2 web page.
2003 Nasal harmony in functional phonology.
In Jeroen van de Weijer, Vincent J. van Heuven & Harry van der Hulst (eds.): The phonological spectrum, Vol. 1: Segmental structure, 3-35. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [Abstract]
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 393, 2000/04/28, 28 pages.
Earlier version: original submission, 1999/01/31, 24 pages.
Earlier version: HILP 4 handout, 1999/01/30, 16 pages.
2002 Paola Escudero & Paul Boersma:
The subset problem in L2 perceptual development: Multiple-category assimilation by Dutch learners of Spanish.
In Barbora Skarabela, Sarah Fish & Anna H.-J. Do (eds.): Proceedings of the 26th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development, 208-219. Somerville, Mass.: Cascadilla Press. [Abstract]
Data and Praat scripts: the P2 web page.
2001 Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer.
Glot International 5(9/10): 341-345.
(These pages include a review by Vincent van Heuven.)
2001 Phonology-semantics interaction in OT, and its acquisition.
In Robert Kirchner, Wolf Wikeley & Joe Pater (eds.): Papers in Experimental and Theoretical Linguistics, Vol. 6: 24-35. Edmonton: University of Alberta. [Abstract]
Preprint: Rutgers Optimality Archive 369, 1999/12/18 (identical except for date and shifted page numbers).
2001 Paul Boersma & Bruce Hayes:
Empirical tests of the Gradual Learning Algorithm.
Linguistic Inquiry 32: 45-86. [copyright]
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 348, 1999/09/29.
Additional material: the GLA web page.
2001 Review of Arto Anttila: Variation in Finnish phonology and morphology.
GLOT International 5(1): 33-40. [Preprint (13 pages, 1999/08)]
2000/12/29 The OCP in the perception grammar.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 435. 52 pages.
2000/03/31
draft
Phonetically-driven acquisition of phonology.
Manuscript, 44 pages.
2000 Paul Boersma & Clara Levelt:
Gradual constraint-ranking learning algorithm predicts acquisition order.
Proceedings of Child Language Research Forum 30, Stanford, California, pp. 229-237.
Note: the editors messed up the phonetic symbols; the above is the correct version (Rutgers Optimality Archive 361, 1999/08/28).
2000
Learning a grammar in functional phonology.
In Joost Dekkers, Frank van der Leeuw & Jeroen van de Weijer (eds.):
Optimality Theory: Phonology, syntax and acquisition. New York: Oxford University Press. [Abstract]
A shortened version of chapter 14 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1999 Optimality-Theoretic learning in the Praat program.
IFA Proceedings 23: 17-35 (= Rutgers Optimality Archive 380).
1999/10/04 On the need for a separate perception grammar.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 358, 30 pages. [Abstract]
1999 Functional phonology (dissertation summary).
GLOT International 4(9/10): 13-14. With a review by Robert Kirchner.
1998/12/15
draft
Typology and acquisition in functional and arbitrary phonology.
Presented at Utrecht Phonology Workshop, 22 June 1998, 32 pages.
About: reduplicative and Arabic ablaut; place assimilation; English past tense forms.
1998/09/14
book
Functional phonology: Formalizing the interactions between articulatory and perceptual drives.
Ph.D. dissertation, University of Amsterdam, 504 pages.
A hardcopy edition is available from the author for free!
For more detail on separate chapters, and scripts, see Functional Phonology (1998).
1998/09/12
The OCP in functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 283, 27 pages.
Published as chapter 18 of Functional Phonology (1998), and as IFA Proceedings 22: 21-45.
1998/08/29
Spreading in functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 280, 21 pages.
Published as chapter 19 of Functional Phonology (1998), and as IFA Proceedings 22: 1-20.
1997/12/31
Functional Optimality Theory.
IFA Proceedings 21: 37-42.
Published later as chapter 6 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1997/12/22
Sound change in functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 237, 38 pages.
Superseded by chapter 17 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1997/11/25
Inventories in functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 232, 39 pages.
Appeared as IFA Proceedings 21: 59-90, and as chapter 16 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1997
How we learn variation, optionality, and probability.
IFA Proceedings 21: 43-58.
Additional material: Simulation script.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 221, 1997/10/12 (incorrect!).
Also appeared as: chapter 15 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1997/01/31
The elements of functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 173, 176 pages.
Superseded by chapters 1 and 7 through 13 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1996 Paul Boersma & David Weenink:
Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer, version 3.4.
Institute of Phonetic Sciences of the University of Amsterdam, Report 132. 182 pages.
Superseded by the current manual, which is available under Help in the Praat program.
1995/08
Interaction between glottal and vocal-tract aerodynamics in a comprehensive model of the speech apparatus.
Proceedings of the XIIIth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm, vol. 2, pp. 430-433. [Abstract]
1993
Accurate short-term analysis of the fundamental frequency and the harmonics-to-noise ratio of a sampled sound.
IFA Proceedings 17: 97-110.
The world’s most accurate pitch-extraction algorithm: measures F0 with an accuracy of 10-6, and HNR values up to 60 dB.
1993
Astrid van Wieringen, Paul Boersma & Louis Pols:
Perceptual asymmetry between initial and final glides: psychoacoustics and cochlear encoding.
IFA Proceedings 17: 79-196.
1993/05
An articulatory synthesizer for the simulation of consonants.
Proceedings Eurospeech ’93, Berlin, pp. 1907-1910. [Abstract]
1990/09
Modelling the distribution of consonant inventories.
Proceedings of Linguistics & Phonetics ’90, Prague, pp. 418-426. [Preprint]
A shortened and colloquial version of Boersma (1989/12).
1989/12
Modelling the distribution of consonant inventories by taking a functionalist approach to sound change.
IFA Proceedings 13: 107-123.

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